AIT of the thyroid gland: symptoms and treatment
AIT of the thyroid gland is a very topical problem today, because the disease is increasingly beginning to occur in young people. Even in the twentieth century, the disease was mainly observed in people older than forty years. Nowadays, doctors are alarmed by the fact that completely young people are becoming their patients.
AIT of the thyroid gland: symptoms
At first, the symptoms of the disease do not practically manifest themselves, but over time it becomes difficult to breathe, problems appear with swallowing, the size of the gland changes: it can increase or decrease. After some time, the person begins to feel weakness, sometimes - a lump in the throat. The weight of the patient decreases, and pain in the joints appears. AIT of the thyroid gland can be determined even by external symptoms: the patient is slowly moving, has a pale complexion with a yellowish tinge, edemas appear on the eyelids, a bright red blush appears on the cheekbones. In a patient, over time, hair begins to fall out, and baldness forms in that place.When talking, the facial expression is disturbed: it becomes barely noticeable, the person begins to speak more slowly.
AIT of the thyroid gland: treatment
If you have similar symptoms, then hurry to visit a doctor. Do not try to fight this disease yourself with the help of traditional medicine. Be sure to promptly contact a specialist who will determine the degree, complexity and type of the disease. And only after the established diagnosis can begin treatment. Do not be careless about your health - the consequences can be the most difficult. There are several types of AIT of the thyroid gland: chronic and postpartum. Each type has its own characteristics, and the doctor in the appointment of treatment should take into account the peculiarities of each. Reliably diagnose AIT of the thyroid gland will be obtained only after a thorough examination in the hospital. The main method of treating a disease is to take drugs that contain hormones necessary for the work of the thyroid gland. Doctors recommend means "Thyroxine", "Triiodothyronine", "Tireotom", "Tireotom-forte." The best and most effective drug listed is Triiodothyronine, which can be taken by persons who have not yet reached the age of forty.However, it is recommended to use it with great care, because it is not known how the body can react. You need to start with small doses, if the body reacts normally, you can gradually reach the required dose. If it is large, it can be divided into two methods: in the morning and in the evening. If the patient noticed side effects during the use of the drug (sweating, cardiac arrhythmia, feeling of heat), it is advisable to temporarily stop taking or at least reduce the dose. If an enlarged thyroid gland is detected or if there are nodes, a rapid growth of the goiter, immediate surgical intervention may be necessary. After the operation, patients are prescribed for life to take drugs, which include hormones that are necessary for the thyroid.