Alexander Green: biography and creativity of the writer
Russian writer, author of about four hundred works ... His work in the genre of neo-romanticism, philosophical and psychological, mixed with fiction. His works are famous throughout the country, adults and children love them, and the biography of the writer Alexander Green is very rich and interesting.
The real name of the writer is Grinevsky. Alexander is the first child in his family, where there were only four children. He was born on August 23, 1880, in the Vyatka province, in the town of Slobodskoy. Father - Stephen - a Pole and a warrior-aristocrat. Mother - Anna Lepkova - worked as a nurse.
As a boy, Alexander loved reading. He learned this early, and the first thing he read was a book about Gulliver's Travels. The boy liked books about traveling around the world and sailors. He repeatedly ran away from home to become a navigator.
At 9 years old, little Sasha began to study. He was a very problematic student and caused a lot of trouble: he behaved badly, he fought.Once he wrote insulting poems to all the teachers, because of this he was expelled from school. The guys who studied with him called him Green. The boy liked the nickname, then he used it as a writer pseudonym. In 1892, Alexander was successfully enrolled in another educational institution, with the help of his father.
At the age of 15, the future writer lost his mother. She died of tuberculosis. Less than six months, as my father married again. Greene did not get along with his new wife. He left home and lived separately. I earned money by weaving and gluing bookbinding and rewriting documents. He was keen on reading and writing poetry.
Alexander Green's brief biography contains information that he really wanted to be a sailor. At the age of 16, the young man graduated from the 4th grade of the college, and with the help of his father, he was able to leave for Odessa. He gave his son a small amount of money on the road and the address of his friend, who could shelter him for the first time. Upon arrival, Green was in no hurry to look for his father's friend. I did not want to become a burden to a stranger, I thought I could achieve everything on my own. But alas, the job was very hard to find, and the money ran out quickly.Wandering and starving, the young man still found his father's friend and asked for help. The man sheltered him and arranged for the steamer "Plato" as a sailor. Green did not serve on the deck for long. Sailor's routine and hard work turned out to be alien to Alexander, he left the ship, finally quarreling with the captain.
According to a brief biography, Alexander Stepanovich Green returned to Vyatka in 1897, where he lived for two years, and then went to Baku to "try his luck." There he worked in various industries. I was engaged in fishing business, then I got a job as a laborer, and after that I became a railroad worker, but I didn’t linger here either. He lived in the Urals, worked in gold and a lumberjack, then a miner.
In the spring of 1902, tired of wandering, Alexander entered the service in the 213rd Orovai reserve infantry battalion. Six months later, he deserted from the army. Green spent half his life in a punishment cell for his revolutionary moods. In Kamyshin they caught him, but the young man again managed to escape, this time to Simbirsk. In this he was helped by the Socialist-Revolutionary propagandists. He talked with them in the army.
Since then, Green has rebelled against the social system and enthusiastically divulged revolutionary ideas.A year later, he was arrested for such activities, and later convicted of trying to escape and sent to a high-security prison. The court was held in 1905, they wanted to give him 20 years in prison, but the lawyer insisted on commutation of the sentence, and Green was sent to Siberia for half the term. Very soon, in the fall, Alexander was released early and was arrested again six months later in St. Petersburg. While serving his sentence, he was visited by a bride, Vera Abramova - the daughter of a large official, secretly supporting revolutionaries. In the spring, Green was sent to Tobolsk Governorate for four years, but thanks to his father he took out someone else's passport and fled under the name of Malginov three days later.
Soon, Alexander Green ceased to be a Social Revolutionary. They had a wedding with Vera Abramova. In 1910, he was already a fairly well-known writer, and then it came to the authorities that the fugitive Grinevsky and Green were one and the same person. The writer was again found and arrested. They sent to the Arkhangelsk region.
When the revolution took place, Green was even more displeased with social foundations. Divorces were allowed, which Vera, his wife, took advantage of.The reasons for the divorce were the lack of understanding and the obstinate quick-tempered nature of Alexander. He tried to reconcile with her more than once, but in vain.
Five years later, Green met Maria Dolidze. Their union was very short, only a few months, and the writer was left alone again.
In 1919, Alexander was called to the service, where Green was a signalman. He soon became infected with typhus and was treated for a long time.
In 1921, Alexander married Nina Mironova. They loved each other very much and considered their meeting a magical gift of fate. Nina was a widow then.
last years of life
In 1930, Alexander and Nina moved to the Old Crimea. Then the Soviet censorship motivated the refusal to reissue Green with the phrase: "You do not merge with the era." For fresh books set limit: release no more than one per year. Then the Grinevskys "fell to the bottom of poverty" and were terribly starving. Alexander tried to hunt to get food, but all for nothing.
Two years later, the writer died of a tumor in the stomach. He was buried in the cemetery of the Old Crimea.
The very first story, entitled “The Merit of Private Panteleev,” was created in the difficult time for Alexander, in the summer of 1906. The work began to publish after months in the form of a propaganda brochure for punitive.It was said in it about service, military unrest. Green was rewarded, but the story was taken out of print and destroyed. The story "The Elephant and the Pug" overtook the same fate. Several instances were saved at random. The first thing that people could read was the work “To Italy”. The writer published these stories under the surname Malginov.
Since 1907, he has already signed up as Green. After one year, the publication went to collections, 25 stories each year. And Alexander began to pay good fees. Green created some of his creations while in exile. At first it was printed only in newspapers, and the first three volumes with works were printed in 1913. A year later, Green began to approach the writing professionally. The books became deeper, more interesting and were bought up even more.
In the 1950s, stories were still printed. But the novels began to come out: “The Shining World”, “The Golden Chain” and others. "Scarlet Sails" Alexander Green (biography confirms this) dedicated his third wife - Nina. The novel "Impatiens" remained unfinished.
When Alexander Stepanovich Green was gone, a collection of his works was published.Nina, his wife, remained to live there, but was under occupation. Was sent to Germany in the camps. When the war ended, upon returning home, she was accused of treason and was sentenced to ten years in forced labor camps. All the work of Green banned, and rehabilitated them after Stalin died. Then they began to release new books again. While Nina was in the camps, Alexander and her house passed to other people. The woman sued them for a long time, in the end she “conquered” him. She made a museum dedicated to her husband-writer, to whom she devoted the rest of her life.
The characteristic features of Alexander Green's prose
The author is recognized as a romantic. He has always said that he is a conductor between the world of dreams and human vital reality. He believed that the world is ruled by good, bright and good. In his novels and short stories he showed how good deeds and bad ones are reflected in people. He urged people to do good. For example, in “Scarlet Sails”, through the hero, he conveyed such a message in the phrase: “He will have a new soul and you will have a new one, only create a miracle for a man” One of the highest themes for Green was the choice between good and high values and low desires and the temptation to create evil.
Alexander was able to ascend a simple parable so that a deep meaning opened up in it, explaining everything in simple, understandable words. Critics have always noted the brightness of the plots and the "kinemotophrophy" of his works. He freed his characters from the burden of stereotypes. From their belonging to religions, to nationality and so on. Showed the essence of the man himself, his personality.
Alexander Stepanovich Green was fond of writing poetry from the time of college, but they began to print them only in 1907. In his autobiography, Alexander told me how he sent poems to various newspapers. They were about loneliness, despair and frustration. “Like a forty-year-old Chekhov’s hero, not a little boy,” he said about himself. His later and more serious poems, in the genre of realism, began to print. He had lyric poems that were dedicated to his first, and after - the last wife. In the early 60s, the publication of his collections of poems failed. Until the poet Leonid Martynov intervened, he said that Green’s poems should be printed, for this is a true legacy.
Place in literature
Alexander Stepanovich Green had neither followers nor predecessors.Critics compared it with many writers, but there were still very, very few similarities with anyone. He seems to have been a representative of classical literature, but, on the other hand, is special, unique, and it is not known how to accurately determine his creative direction.
The originality of creativity was in the differences of the genre. Somewhere there was a fantasy, and somewhere realism. But the focus on human moral values still relates Green's work more to the classics.
Before the revolution, the work of Alexander Stepanovich Green was criticized, many were very scornful of him. He was condemned for the excessive display of violence, for the exotic names of characters, accused of imitating foreign authors. Over time, the negative critics weakened. They began to often talk about what the author wants to say. As he shows life in its real reflection and how he wants to convey to readers faith in a miracle, a call to good and right actions. After the 1930s, Alexander began to talk differently about his works. Began to equate it to the classics and call the master of the genre.
Views on religion
In his youth, Alexander was neutral to religion, although he was baptized according to Orthodox traditions as a child. His views on religion changed throughout his life.It was noticeable in his works. For example, in the Glittering World, he demonstrated more Christian ideals. The scene where Runa asked God to make faith stronger was cut out because of censorship.
With his wife Nina, they often went to church. Alexander Green, whose biography is presented to your attention in the article, loved the feast of Holy Easter. He wrote in letters to his first wife that they were the believers with Nina. Before his death, Green passed the communion and confession at the priest invited to the house.
The biography of Alexander Green is now known to you. Finally I would like to tell you some interesting facts:
- Green had a lot of pseudonyms, besides the well-known two, there were also such: Odin, Victoria Klemm, Elsa Moravskaya, Stepanov.
- Alexander had a large tattoo depicting a ship on his chest. She was a symbol of his love for the sea.
- An interesting fact in the biography of Alexander Stepanovich Green is that all his life he considered his first wife to be his closest friend and did not cease to correspond with her.
- Many streets, museums and even one tiny planet, discovered in the 80s (Grinevia), were named after Alexander Green.
- There is also Alexander Green Street in Riga, but it was named after his Latvian namesake and colleagues.
- TO.Zelinsky called the fictional country where the actions of several novels of the writer, "Greenland", take place.