How to build a house from a bar with your own hands (photo)
How to choose a quality material
Compliance with all construction technologies does not guarantee that the house will be strong and durable. As one of the most important requirements for obtaining reliable construction is the use of quality material. Most often for the construction of a wooden house used conifers. This is due to the fact that such material meets sanitary and hygienic standards. In addition, it is more resistant than others to rotting processes, no cracks appear on it (provided it is properly used), and it is easy to handle it, as well as to mount it, which is explained by its low weight.
Before you build a house from a bar with your own hands, you need to choose a material that has undergone a process of high-quality drying. This will make the shrinkage less significant. After all, it not only makes the initial height of the building smaller, but is also accompanied by the formation of grooves between the logs, which later have to be filled.
In addition, for the construction of the house, you can choose a solid or profiled beam (the latter, by the way, involves only the assembly on the site). After completion of the process you will receive a building that is resistant to deformation. External weather effects are not terrible profiled timber, as the logs fit as closely as possible. After shrinking the walls of the house will not have to caulk, which makes the operation more enjoyable.
Characteristics of solid timber
Before proceeding directly to the discussion of the question "how to build a house out of a bar with your own hands" (you can see the photo of finished buildings, by the way, in the article), let's say a few words about such an option as a solid timber. It looks, of course, not as attractive as a profiled one, but it also has a lot of advantages. Among the main we can distinguish the affordable price. But before purchasing it is necessary to pay attention to the quality of the material, as it has natural moisture and can be affected by fungus. In order for the building to retain heat, it will have to be warmed at the construction stage, moreover, the process should be repeated after shrinking.
Before you build a house from a bar with your own hands, you need to build a foundation. An excellent base will be tape design. The markup is initially made. The territory is cleared, the top layer of soil is removed from it, the thickness of which is about 7-10 cm. Then you can dig a trench 1.5 m wide, whereas its depth should be equal to 2.5 m. Now you can install the formwork. It should be laid reinforcement of steel rods Ø1.5 cm, their length is limited to 2-2.5 m.
If a private developer faces the question of how to build a house from a bar with his own hands, then he should know that the foundation should be of the highest quality. It cannot be made as such if you do not lay a bedding on the bottom of the trench, which should consist of hydrogenous material and have a thickness of 30-50 cm. The next stage is the pouring of concrete. It is preferable to order a solution at the factory or rent a concrete mixer. As a prerequisite for the formation of the foundation, the next layer is filled before the previous crust is covered. In flooded condition, the base is left for up to five days.It is recommended to cover the foundation with waterproofing before building the walls; for this purpose rolled roofing material is suitable, which is laid on bitumen mastic.
You should know what work to be done at the stage of building walls even before you build a house from a bar with your own hands. Photos of such buildings are presented in the article, so you have the visual material. To do this, you can purchase a bar with a cross section of 200x200 or 150x150 mm. Preliminary to choose one of the methods of cutting. For example, walls can be assembled into a paw. To cut using this technology, a couple of logs should be put on the foundation opposite each other. After a couple more folded perpendicularly, so as to get a square. At the next stage, a “nest” should be formed in each log for fastening. It must be trapezoidal. It is necessary to install the following log into the recess, and make the same “nest” in it. It is necessary to perform such works until the walls reach their design height.
Alternative chopping options
If you are still thinking about how to build a house from a bar with your own hands, you can learn more about this in this article.
So, another option for cutting is called “dovetail”.It has similarities with the previous one. But the “nest” in this case should not have a perpendicular view, it will have to be performed under an inclination, which will allow each subsequent log to be laid in the recess of the previous one. In order to perform the cutting "in the bowl", to use the tool, which is called the "feature". It resembles a compass and is used to perform the correct markup. In each log the bottom is made “bowl”. At the next stage, it is necessary to put the next log so that the “cup” on top of the installed beam follows the outline of the lower one. This cutting technology provides excellent stability. constructions
Before you build a house from a bar with your own hands on the ground floor, you need to lay the foundation. For this, for example, a tape base. After the construction of the foundation, you can proceed to the construction of walls, they can be assembled by cutting in half trees. This technology assumes the need to make small holes for the keys. It is recommended to locate them in places that are near the corner connection. Choosing the length of the veneer, it is necessary to consider that it should not be enough for one crown.You can apply a more popular version of this technology, which requires the folding and installation of the key in the joints of the logs. This will improve the reliability of the corners.
Features of the wall assembly
What else is needed for the practical resolution of the question: "How to build a house from a bar with your own hands?" Projects! You can take as a basis those presented in the article. The easiest way is to assemble the walls of the profiled beam. The crowns can be fastened together with the use of dowels. They will prevent the log from twisting. You can make such a fastener by using wood or steel. The latter option will last much longer, as it is characterized by increased strength. Their installation is made through two wreaths, and after - through one. For this, a hole is made in the log, the diameter of which is 3 cm. The pitch between the pins should be not less than 1.5 m.
Between rows should be laid seal. At the points where external walls are mated, it is recommended to use the so-called “warm corner” lock. For its formation, a thorn is made in one log, and a groove in the other.Both elements in the parameters must match exactly. This allows you to get a rigid structure.
Installation of partitions
Partitions should be embedded in the structure of the main walls. In order to build them, you need to apply a timber, the cross section of which is equal to 100x150 mm. Engage in the formation of partitions should be exclusively after the construction of the log house. If you choose a project of a house consisting of two floors, then the first one should have at least one partition. She will act as a support.
Work on the floor
Before you build a house from a bar with your own hands, it is necessary to gradually deal with the processes to be carried out. For example, it is recommended to assemble the floor using heat insulators. The floor structure should be double, it will guarantee the preservation of heat in the premises, even in cold weather. Initially mounted draft overlap. For this, it is recommended to use a trim board. Usually the material is hemmed from the bottom. But it is worth considering that this technology does not guarantee a reliable construction, and the boards can come off. In order to eliminate this phenomenon, it is necessary to connect the boards with each other. At the next stage, a cranial bar comes into play, the fixation of which is made to the lags.Between the two layers of the floor is covered with insulation.
The construction of the ceiling and roof
If you are thinking about how to build a house from a bar with your own hands, the ceiling, or rather, the method of its arrangement should be thought out to the smallest detail. It is also important what material will be used as roofing. This may be roofing material or metal tile. But initially you need to install ceiling beams and rafters, which is done after the construction of walls. Lags should somewhat go outside the wall, about 50 cm. In the role of material for them it is recommended to use a bar, the cross section of which is equal to 150x100 mm. Its installation is made on the edge in increments of 100 cm.
Then you can proceed to the installation of boards that will form the basis of the truss system. The mount should be tough. Now you can lay gables, which are formed from a bar 150x150 mm. Do not forget about waterproofing, which must be laid before the ceiling screed. For logging is best to use filler or roll waterproofing.
Formation of openings
If you are thinking about how to build a house out of a bar with your own hands, the instruction will not hurt you.It can be found in this article. It is also important to know how okosyachka is made. It is recommended to make the openings after the completion of construction, then the work will be easier compared to the marking and cutting of openings during the laying of the walls. We should not forget about the mowers: this is due to the fact that this process will allow to leave the structure intact. Among other things, this manipulation has another advantage, which is to prevent lateral rims from shifting during shrinkage.
Completion of the construction process
So, you already know almost everything about how to build a house from a bar with your own hands. With what to begin, we have considered, now we will discuss, than to finish. One of the advantages of a wooden house is that its walls do not imply the need to produce them. This applies to both the inner surface and the outer. Moreover, in the first year after construction is completed, this cannot be done at all, since the house will sit down. The only thing that needs to be done with a log is to cover it with protective agents that will not allow the wood to rot and burn.Absolutely fire-safe walls, of course, cannot be done, but if the processing is carried out with the appropriate compositions, the wood will ignite when directly exposed to the flame is not so fast.
Tools and materials
Finally, we will pay attention to another important point, without which it would be impossible to solve the question of how to build a house from a bar with your own hands. Tools (and they need a lot) will be needed by any master, both beginner and professional. So, you need to prepare the following minimum set:
- electric or chainsaw;
- hacksaws with large and small teeth;
- drills of different diameter;
- nail puller;
- several roulettes;
- jointer for processing, etc.
After completion of the work in the house, you can immediately enter, which is very appreciated by consumers. And if you choose a unique project, your accommodation will look very interesting.