Innsbruck, Austria: photo and description, sights of a ski resort, museums and castles, reviews of tourists
Many Russian tourists know that Innsbruck (Austria) is a ski resort. But not only in winter and not only for the sake of the snowy slopes is to visit this city. There are many attractions in Innsbruck. The capital of Tyrol looks like a gingerbread town, descended from a colorful postcard. A 800-year history has frozen within its walls. And natural sights make the city even more beautiful.
At the Olympics held at this resort, Soviet skiers reached the apogee of their careers, such as, for example, Voronchihin Igor.
Innsbruck in Austria is famous for its service, which has long been the benchmark for quality. But you feel it not only at the ski resort.Cozy coffee shops with verandas, where the visitor is carefully offered a fluffy blanket, as precise as a Swiss watch, public transport, an entertainment infrastructure thought out to the last detail - all this is in Innsbruck itself.
What sights are worth seeing in the city, where to go in its vicinity, what to try and what to buy as a souvenir - our article will tell. And to collect information about the resort helped us reviews of tourists.
Some information about the city
The province of Tyrol occupies the south-western part of Austria. Innsbruck, the capital of the region, is located in a natural valley, surrounded on all sides by the mountains of the alpine ridge Nordkette. The river flows through the city Inn. It is believed that when the first bridge (trousers) was thrown over it, then the city was formed. But historians date the first written mention of the settlement in 1180.
Innsbruck received the privileges of the city in 1239. Under the rule of Maximilian I and Maria Theresa, he also visited the capital of all Austria. But now Innsbruck does not look like a provincial town, despite its modest size. Twice he hosted the Winter Olympics (in 1964 and 1976).
In the vicinity of Innsbruck, at a distance of 5-10 kilometers from the city, there are nine popular ski resorts. They are in demand by those tourists who are not "sharpened" on skating and want to plunge into the magical atmosphere of Tyrol. In winter it is very crowded. But the edge is no less beautiful at other times of the year. And tourists recommend visiting Tyrol for excursions in the city and unhurried walks in the mountains.
How to get to the city?
The lion's share of Russian tourists meets Kranebitten - Innsbruck International Airport in Austria. INN is its IATA code, an abbreviation indicated on the airline ticket as the landing site of the airliner. The airport is located only two and a half kilometers from Innsbruck, so many tourists take a taxi to the center. But the city can also be reached from the international airports of Vienna, Salzburg, Munich (Germany) or Bolzano (Italy). Innsbruck is followed by high-speed trains and buses. Thanks to the tunnels dug in the Alps, the path will not be too long.
Hotels of Innsbruck (Austria)
If you plan to visit the city in winter or summer, tourists are advised to book your accommodation in advance. Innsbruck is overcrowded during the ski season, since hotels are worth fabulous money at resorts located on the slopes.Budget tourists prefer to live in the Old Town (Altstadt), on the right bank of the Inn, in small family guesthouses or youth hostels. But if you have a car, then you can find a private apartment and away from the center, in one of the suburbs of the capital Tyrol.
Innsbruck hotels are available for discerning travelers eager for luxurious interiors and amenities, as well as for budget travelers. Reviews recommend a very cozy apartment "Kaiser Max Suite" (2200 rubles per day), since they are located at the main attraction of the city - the Golden Roof. Tourists praise “The Four Pans” and “Innsbruck” (5-6 thousand rubles / s) from the “fours”, and from “triples” - “Isservirt”, “Zakh”, “Huberhof” (4-5.5 thousand rubles). /from).
Hotels near town
Do not forget that the ski resort of Austria Innsbruck is an agglomeration of small villages. If you are interested in outdoor activities (mountain bikes, trekking, climbing, snowboarding, etc.), choose a home closer to the ski lifts.
There are several ski resorts near Innsbruck. This and Igls, which is 8 kilometers from the city, and Akzamer-Litsum, and Tulfes, and Imst, and another five or six villages.But in high season, housing there is much more expensive. So, a hotel room for three stars is estimated at 6-7 thousand rubles. But what kinds of open from the window! And to the lifts that bring tourists to the very peaks, not long to go.
Tourists in their reviews praise “Fairenhotel Geisler 3” in Tulfes, “Landhouse Scheiber” in Imst, “Lizum 1600” in Akzamer-Litsum. All these resorts are located in close proximity to the city, so you can always arrange a rich après-ski program.
This is the most famous landmark and original business card of Innsbruck (Austria). Photos of the Golden Roof are decorated with all city guides, replicated in numerous postcards, posters, mugs and other souvenirs.
The residence of the rulers of Tyrol was built at the beginning of the 15th century by Archduke Frederick the Fourth. On the main square in front of the building were often held knightly tournaments. It is known that the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, Maximilian the First, loved to see these valiant amusements and often visited his vassal. To honor the lord, the archduke ordered to build a balcony-balcony, covered with gold.True, small scaly tiles are actually copper. Gold only covers them with a thin layer.
In addition to the roof, tourists in the reviews recommend a good look at the mural of the balcony itself. It depicts the emperor between his two wives - Mary of Burgundy and Bianca Sforza. Also worth a visit is the Museum of the History of Tyrol, which is located in a building with a golden roof (entrance - 4.8 euros).
The first residence of the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire was built in 1460 by order of Zygmunt the Rich in Innsbruck. Austria, therefore, became the "throne" of the Habsburg dynasty, with which it served faithfully until the beginning of the twentieth century, or more precisely, until 1918.
Of course, you will not see a Gothic fortress here, as, incidentally, a Renaissance palace. The emperors carried money, and they carried out the renovation of their homes as soon as the architectural fashion changed. What is before the eyes of a tourist now is the work of Maria Theresa. At the end of the 18th century, she ordered the palace to be rebuilt in a rounded baroque style, incorporating rococo elements into it.
Entrance to the imperial residence is expensive - 30 euros.But, tourists assure, they are not a pity to spend. The palace simply enchants the visitor. Enfilade luxury chambers store more interior items. Particularly shocking is the Hall of Giants with huge portraits of the representatives of the Habsburg dynasty. The imperial garden adjoins the palace, divided according to the canons of park art.
Lovers of sacred architecture will certainly be interested in this modest outside church of Innsbruck. Austria is famous for its baroque, and inside you will find a luxurious interior. The church is located next to the imperial residence. The Hofkirche was erected by order of the Archduke Ferdinand the First, who wanted to thus honor the ashes of his grandfather, Emperor Maximilian.
Construction work continued for ten years (from 1553 to 1563), and the greatest masters of that time, Albrecht Dürer, Peter Visher the Elder, Alexander Colin, took part in them. The church was planned as a pantheon, and everything in it was subordinated to the glory of the great emperor.
First of all, the majestic sarcophagus of a single piece of black marble is striking. On both sides of it, there are 28 statues depicting the ancestors of the emperor, who was descended from King Arthur.The Hofkirche Church is famous for its oldest organ, which has come down to us since the Renaissance. Also, tourists are advised to look into the Silver Chapel to admire the sculpture of Our Lady cast in precious metal.
The city of Innsbruck in Austria is justly proud of this great museum. The first exhibits for him began to collect even the Archduke Ferdinand. Therefore, the Tyrol Museum bears his name.
To give a brief description of this temple of art and science will not work. Here are kept both art canvases and sculptures, as well as artifacts that carry us to the ice age. Ethnographic costumes and household items, paintings by Rembrandt and Bruegel, Cranach and Van Dyck, old manuscripts from the Archduke’s library are all displayed in different rooms.
Fans of modernity will also be satisfied with a visit to Ferdinandeum. There are exhibited paintings of Klimt, Egger-Lenz and Kokoschka. Ferdinandeum is located at: Museumum-Strasse, 15. On Mondays it is closed, and on other days it is open from nine in the morning to five in the evening. The entrance ticket to the museum costs 11 euros.
Town Hall Tower
As soon as Innsbruck (Austria) received the status of a city, and with it some rights and freedoms, the inhabitants in every possible way began to emphasize this in architecture.The first town hall was erected on the main market square in 1450. To emphasize the significance of this symbol of city self-government, a tower with a height of more than 30 meters was attached to it. Since 1450, it was used for heralds who regularly announced the exact time, gave orders to extinguish the lights and read out decrees. Also, the watchmen were vigilantly looking into the distance from its site - whether the enemy was coming up to Innsbruck or whether the fire had started in the city itself.
Then time began to show the clock - first clepsydra, and then mechanical. But heralds, by tradition, continued to fulfill their duties until 1968. The base of the tower served as a prison. Later, over a viewing platform, which every tourist can now climb for three euros, was completed with an onion turret. In the middle of it there is a small room that can be rented for events. A spire is crowned with a lantern, which in ancient times showed travelers where the city is located.
University of Innsbruck
Austria has long been famous for its high schools. The first high school in Tyrol appeared in 1562 through the efforts of the Jesuits. But in 1669, Leopold the First transformed it into a secular university.Previously there were four faculties, and now there are 16. Theology is the most interesting for the tourist. It is this faculty located in the first building of the Jesuit "School of grammar."
The university has a double name: Leopold-Franz. The second is in honor of the emperor, who in 1826 restored the status of the university (previously the educational institution was lowered in rank to the lyceum). This temple of science is considered one of the most prestigious in Europe. Many gifted boys and girls from different countries are honored to study at the University of Innsbruck. Recently, copies of correspondence between the emperors Conrad the Fourth and Frederick II were found in the library of this educational institution.
What does a tourist who comes to Innsbruck in Austria need to do? Go outside the city and climb the futuristic cable car to the top of the mountain Hafelekar (2334 meters above sea level). The lower station is located at the foot, near the Congress Center of Innsbruck.
Capsule gondolas move at intervals of every quarter of an hour. On the way, the traveler will have two stops: Hungerburg and Zeegrube. Tourists in the reviews recommend not to hurry, but to linger at these intermediate stations. From Hungerburg there are wonderful views of Innsbruck (Austria).The ski resort of Zeegrub is located at an altitude of 1900 meters. In clear weather, it can be seen Italy. From the observation deck of Seegrub you can enjoy the panorama of the Viptal valley, the Stubai glacier and the Zillertal mountain range.
Tourists believe that Innsbruck is an excellent transport hub to travel all over Tyrol. Yes, and the city itself is worth it to stay here for three days. The Swarovski Cave is located nearby, and ancient castles, cozy villages, ski and spa resorts are scattered around the region. Tyrol - fabulous land. It is especially beautiful during the Christmas period. Innsbruck and small villages on the alpine slopes seem to be transformed. In the Christmas markets you can drink flavored mulled wine, try Tyrolean dishes and buy souvenirs.