We often look at more progressive countries with envy: respectful attitude of the authorities towards the people, high incomes, well-paid maternity leave, large unemployment benefits ... But even in the most developed countries there are still disgusting remnants of the past: social segregation, racism, discriminatory national minorities . For which countries of the editors KnowAll.rf was ashamed?

Japan: Discrimination Against Dirty Professionals

Of course, in most countries the scavenger profession is far from prestigious (although the situation is changing: today the “garbage business” is a very profitable industry), but Japan has taken hatred for this profession to a new level. In the land of the rising sun for scavengers, as well as other "unclean" professions, which there include the undertakers and the slaughtermen of cattle, there is a separate word - burakumin. Literally, it is translated from Japanese as "the abundance of dirt."In total, such people in the country live, according to various estimates, from 2 to 3 million.
Butchers are included in this caste.Butchers are included in this caste.
This is an echo of the medieval caste system, only at that time the caste of untouchables was called not “Burakumin”, but “this”. In Buddhism and Shinto, the two main religions on the islands of Japan, people from the “this” caste were considered spiritually spoiled, and they had no chance to rise from the social bottom. Representatives of such professions were forced to settle separately from ordinary Japanese, and they were also forbidden to marry people of other classes. Known document of the XIX century, according to which the samurai (privileged class) could kill the garbage collector without any consequences, since "the life of Buracumin is equal to one seventh of the life of an ordinary person."
In the settlement of Burakumin (early XX century)In the settlement of Burakumin (early XX century)
The caste system was abolished in the middle of the XIX century, but contempt for these professions is still present in a very conservative Japanese society. Burakumin still live in specialized villages Buraku. The imprint of the “dirty” profession in Japanese culture is inherited, so that young peopleThose born in such a village often face discrimination when they enter a university and apply for a job, despite the right to freedom of choice of a profession enshrined in the constitution. At least, no one now prohibits marriage with “normal” people, but such a couple will certainly experience public condemnation.

Germany: Stereotypes about Asians are encouraged by awards

After the tragedy of the Holocaust, the Germans are trying to stop any talk about the "superiority of the Aryan race." Now Germany is a multinational country, about 20% of its citizens were born on the territory of other countries. And yet the Germans have a deep prejudice towards the inhabitants of one region. They come from East Asian countries (China, Korea, Japan, Mongolia).
In the 82 million Asian country a little more than one million. Apparently, guided by the principle of “shame when seen”, the people of Germany have fun, making fun of them. No, seriously - they even instituted an award for the best stereotype about Asians. This was announced at a concert of the orchestra under the leadership of American conductor of Japanese origin Kent Nagano (which is typical, Wagner's music was played).
The poster of the concert itselfThe poster of the concert itself
The founder of this shameful campaign is the advertising agency Art Directors Club. Hiding behind the slogan “multiculturalism is fun!” They released commercials with jokes from the category “Why would an Asian teen never buy a CD of their favorite group Ramones? Because he can not pronounce the letter "p"! ". In general, in German culture, Asians are constantly portrayed as incessantly giggling and photographing burr something. It is a shame, Germany.

Israel: “Welcome to all Jews. Except those from Ethiopia "

In 1977, the Israeli authorities approved the repatriation of Jews from Ethiopia (Falash). Because of the tense relations between Israel and Ethiopia, where dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam ruled at that time, it was not so easy to transport people, but over the next few years 56 thousand black Jews moved to Israel.
35 years have passed: Falash live in the ghetto and are isolated from the public life of the country. They have problems finding a job, 75% of the indigenous population do not support marriages with the Ethiopian people, and 50% believe that Falashan children should not go to school with their children.And in 2016, the head of the Israeli police said that "the police treat Ethiopian Jews with suspicion - and this is normal, because according to the Falash statistics, they are more likely to commit crimes." Nothing like?
Falasha rallies against racial discriminationFalasha rallies against racial discrimination
In 1996, all of the blood donated by the Magen David Adom organization’s false counterpart (the Israeli equivalent of the Red Cross) was destroyed because of fear of HIV, and the Falash was banned from being blood donors (the ban was lifted only in 2017). In 2012, a documentary was released, which described how, in order to reduce the birth rate among Israeli Falash, physicians forced women of this nation to use contraceptives. As a result of these measures, the birth rate among Ethiopian immigrants fell by half. In 2014, their number was 1.75% of the population of Israel.

Great Britain: “Poles are parasites”

We all heard stupid jokes about the Poles and “psha-pscha”, but did not even imagine how Polish citizens hate in the UK. A 2014 poll showed that 81% of Polish migrants in the British Isles are subjected to violence, both verbal and physical.
"Garbage from Poland, get out""Garbage from Poland, get out"
In 2013, 585 Britons were arrested because of “hate crimes” against the Poles. The anomalous surge of hostility towards the natives of Poland began in 2004, after the country's accession to the European Union. Having rejoiced at the collapsed borders, the Poles poured en masse to England. Although not as massively as some newspapers tried to convince citizens like the tabloid The Sun, who said that a whole Polish city had moved to the UK at once (this city, by the way, filed a lawsuit for publication).
“Get out of the European Union, Polish parasites”“Get out of the European Union, Polish parasites”
The fact is that Polish migrants work a lot and cost the employers very cheaply. Prejudices about the dominance of workers from Eastern Europe have become one of the indirect reasons for Brexit (the exit of Great Britain from the European Union). After the national referendum in Cambridgeshire, leaflets began to appear here and there: “Get out of the EU! No to the Polish parasites! ”, And the number of crimes on interethnic grounds has increased significantly.

South Korea: pure racism

You may have heard that in the United States, during the time of slavery, the actors of the theater painted their faces with shoe polish to play a black character.Such a make-up, imitating dark skin, is called “blekfeys.” Americans learn from their mistakes: today, Blackface, which is also found in films from the beginning of the 20th century, is considered overt racism - even jokingly.
But one thing the United States, another - South Korea. In a country that was relatively recently in the "first echelon", racist stereotypes reigned for a long time. Back in the 70s of the 20th century, children born in a marriage between a South Korean citizen and a dark-skinned man were considered “bastards”, second-rate people, and in the media, the Negroes spoke in the spirit of the Ku Klus Clan brochures.
“We’re sorry, but because of Ebola, the pub doesn’t serve Africans”“We’re sorry, but because of Ebola, the pub doesn’t serve Africans”
Fortunately, times are changing. Now South Korea is a prosperous country with a high level of tolerance in society. In 2007, the government banned the use of the terms “thoroughbred” and “half-blooded”, and in 2017 abolished the law on compulsory HIV testing for foreign workers. But on national television there are still echoes of past racism. Here is a frame from the transfer of 2017 (!) Of the year:
So blacks parody on South Korean televisionSo blacks parody on South Korean television

Italy: Gypsy concentration camps

Historically, the Gypsies, to put it mildly, are not very fond of Europe. From 1973 to 2007 in Czechoslovakia, and then in the Czech Republic, Roma were forcibly sterilized. In 2013, France expelled more than 10 thousand inhabitants of Gypsy settlements from the country. In 2017, Denmark embarked on this long-suffering people, destroying 25 camps and imposing a ban on Gypsy settlements.
Stripping a Gypsy Settlement in FranceStripping a Gypsy Settlement in France
But these cruel measures are fading in comparison with the "anti-Gypsy" methods of Italy. In 2008, the Silvio Berlusconi government announced that the Roma (at that time their share in the country's population was 0.25%) was a threat to national security, therefore all Italian Roma had to take fingerprints, drive them out of the settlements and press them into reservations they were called more softly - “nomad camps”). And if suddenly you had any hopes, these camps did not resemble cozy Tuscan towns with neat villas. These were dirty, parasitic shacks, devoid of basic infrastructure.
A typical example of such a gypsy "ghetto"A typical example of such a gypsy "ghetto"
What did the Italians think about this? Well, 86% of the people surveyed said they were negative about Roma and support the government’s initiative. The main argument was: "Gypsies are thieves and criminals."Although it would seem, Italy should be careful with such antics.
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