Official UN languages. Will there be Russian?
Many are interested in what are the official UN languages, and how many are there. And why do a large international organization need these official languages?
The United Nations was created immediately after the Allies celebrated their victory in World War II. The official date is considered to be October 24, 1945, although representatives of 51 countries gathered to discuss this issue on April 25, and the main set of rules from 111 articles was adopted on June 26.
The UN is not an international government, as some think. Moreover, this organization does not represent any state or government of a particular country. The UN is a global structure whose main task is to protect human rights, to mediate in international relations, to preserve cultural heritage.
UNESCO, IAEA, WHO and many other well-known organizations are UN agencies.
Currently, 193 countries have joined the UN. The organization exists on contributions received from members.Some of them are debtors, for example, the US debt to the UN is about $ 1 billion.
To ensure full-fledged work and interaction between all structures, the official languages of the UN were adopted. This means that the documentation in the UN must be written in one of them. The presentations of the speakers are allowed in other languages, but in this case, the speaker must provide a translation.
UN official working languages
There are only six of them:
All languages were recognized as official, but they are not working in every structure of the organization (the working language is the accepted language of correspondence and communication).
Generally recognized international language. There are more than 400 million native speakers, and about a billion more people speak it. He belongs to the group of Germanic languages, and many historians attribute his popularity to the aggressive colonial policies of Britain in the past.
English is the state language of many countries, not only England and the USA, but also Malta, Australia, Ireland, etc.
The second name is Castilian.The second most popular on the planet, according to rough estimates, it says more than 450 million people. Spanish began to form in the 3rd century BC. er and was widely developed in the era of the formation of international relations, navigation, travel. It is spoken in many countries - the USA, Puerto Rico, the territories of Gibraltar, etc.
It is logical that the official languages of the UN - the most common on the planet. French is not only the state language of a number of European countries, such as France, Belgium and Switzerland. It is also spoken in many African states, Canada and the Caribbean. In French, about 275 million people can correctly express themselves. It belongs to the Romance group of languages and is largely descended from folk Latin.
No wonder he entered the official UN languages. There are over 1.3 billion native speakers, and it is listed as the most difficult in the Guinness Book of Records. This is the state language of China, Singapore and Taiwan. He is one of the oldest on Earth, and the first mention of it dates back to the 11th century BC. er
The official UN languages also include Arabic.It is spoken by about 250 million people, in addition, the book is written on it, the Koran, sacred to all Muslims. One of the most archaic languages on Earth belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language group.
Russian is one of the official languages of the United Nations. But now rumors have spread that he will soon be replaced by another, more common. The reason for this is supposedly the fact that the Russian never deserved such an honorary title and was adopted for the sole purpose of pleasing the USSR, which exerted all pressure on the UN. In addition, according to some international organization consultants, if earlier it was somehow justified by the fact that Russian was forcibly implanted in all the Union republics of the USSR, today the situation has changed dramatically: the language of Pushkin and Dostoevsky has already been forgotten in the Baltic States, eradicated , and only in Belarus and Kazakhstan they still study this “dead dialect” (164 million people speak it today, and it is the second for 114 million).
Will these forecasts come true? Unknown. Well, the official languages of the UN may include Portuguese or Esperanto.