Philosophy and mythology - two views of the world
Philosophy and mythology. Similarities and differences
The name “philosophy” has Greek roots and in translation means “love of wisdom”. The first philosopher is considered Pythagoras. But Plato singled out philosophy as a science. In the beginning, this science included all knowledge of the world, and later became a system of knowledge about the world, or rather, about nature, man, society. Philosophy was born about two and a half - three thousand years ago in India, Egypt and China. In order to reveal the specifics of philosophy, you need to turn to the mythology and religion, which are its predecessors. Mythology also has Greek roots and consists of two words: “tradition” and “teaching” or “concept”. Myths are peoples' legends about someone or something. For example, about different creatures, natural phenomena, gods. They combined reality and fantasy. Thanks to fairy tales, legends, legends, various images entered the folk culture. But in the myths man was not separated from nature. Religions of the world are also filled with myths that are a special stage of social consciousness.Religion in Latin means "piety," "shrine" and preaches the worship of higher powers. Philosophy and religion are close to the fact that both are trying to explain the world and influence the human mind.
It was spawned by philosophy, mythology, and religion. It examines a set of questions about the origin of being, the structure of the world, the role of man in the world around him. But the worldview is inherent in a logical ordered system of knowledge, which seeks to theoretically substantiate the situation. Folk myths are revised from the point of view of reason. With the help of myth, past, present and future were connected. Thus, a spiritual connection was maintained between the generations. Over time, the myth has become obsolete, but philosophy and religion have inherited the search for answers to questions about life and death. Religion, philosophy and mythology are closely interrelated. Mythology and religion were the origins of philosophy. Mythology arose much earlier, flourished and continued to exist along with the philosophy that is characteristic of a more developed consciousness, maybe even an elite society. Philosophical knowledge is based on objective reality, on the laws governing it. At all times there are people who know nothing about philosophy, but this does not prevent them from living.But mythology is everywhere. She was even nicknamed philosophy for the poor.
Philosophy and Mythology
Both are united by common themes: the person, the world around him, the interaction of a person with the world. These problems are forever. But they are solved in different ways, with the result that the answers differ. In explaining the world and man, philosophy relies on reason, on research in reality, while mythology and religion are based on faith. This is the main difference between philosophy and mythology. But mythology, in turn, is an integral part of philosophical knowledge. In fact, the real world is between the world with God and the world without God. These are special worlds. We can only guess about their characteristics. Philosophy and mythology cannot change the world. Fluctuations occur between science and religion.
To summarize the above, it is safe to say that philosophy believes in the natural, and what is natural is mythology; religion, on the contrary, in the supernatural.