Religion of China - a reflection of the fate of the people
Even in ancient times, the religion of China was significantly different from the systems created by the peoples of Europe and the Middle East. And this was not surprising, because the Chinese lived in truly unique natural and social conditions, which gave rise to a completely different type of thinking. That is why in the early period, Taoism was established as the main religion of China, and then the time came for the more well-known Confucianism.
The cult of ancestors as the basis of the foundations in the worldview
If you believe the surviving sources, the religion of China originated more than 5 thousand years ago. At that time, it manifested itself in the form of various divinations and, of course, the cult of ancestors. To get an answer to their question, the priests wrote it on a plate made of tortoise-shell and threw it into the fire, and then guessed the advice of the deity through the cracks. Today, the religion of China also fully allows the use of such a method in the form of the I Ching divination technique, in which the future of a person is determined using a combination of continuous and dashed lines.The significance of the cult of ancestors in the culture of China is generally difficult to overestimate, because unquestioning obedience to the elder is an absolute norm, about which no one even thinks about the violation. The ancient Chinese worshiped Heaven and honored his son, the Emperor, because it gave them the opportunity to earn a place in the heavenly social hierarchy with their earthly lives. The main religion of China defined the human soul as the union of the material and the spiritual. It is with such a view that the tradition of burying the body of the deceased is connected, but to keep a sign with his name.
Taoism as a man’s first attempt to find himself
The emergence of Taoism is associated with the name of the ancient Chinese philosopher Lao-tse, whose identity remains a mystery to historians. He is credited with the authorship of the treatise "Tao Te Ching", which reflects the ideas that have existed in Chinese culture for a long time. Its key category is the path - Tao, which all things in the world and the world itself must follow. In the human world, there is a law of Te - moral norms that should be subject to the relationship between people. And finally, the third category of Taoism is Qi energy, which gives a person the will to live and the desire to observe the universal law of Tao.According to this teaching, the goal of human life is to strive to join the collective Dao through the attainment of immortality, for which, however, there were special exercises.
Confucianism as the official religion of China
At a time when China was on the verge of collapse, and the ruling elite could not find the only true path to salvation, the simple philosopher managed to turn the consciousness of people upside down. In his religious and philosophical doctrine, Confucius united social and ethical norms into one whole, saving the broad masses from eternal dilemmas. Now anyone could be a worthy member of society, while remaining faithful to the principles of morality. To do this, you just need to follow two principles: “and” (debt) and “jen” (humanity).