Summary: "The Bear in the Province" Saltykov-Shchedrin ME
In the fairy tale "The Bear in the Voivodeship," a shortthe content of which is given below, M. Saltykov-Shchedrin writes about the unrestrained obscurantism of officials of various ranks. In his desire to curry favor with the authority, which in the work is represented by Leo - a manifestation of strength, and Donkey - a symbol of stupidity, they do not stop at anything. The oppression of the people, the struggle against enlightenment, and atrocities are the result of this rule.
Introduction: a summary
"The Bear in the Province" by Saltykov-Shchedrinbegins with the author's reasoning about the atrocities and their role in society. Large or shiny are stored in the tablets of History. And the small ones are called shameless and do not receive any praise.
Story about Toptygin I
It was an experienced campaigner whoget into the tablet of History. Therefore, when Lev made him into the majors and appointed a voivode to some kind of slum, Toptygin decided to immediately arrange a bloodshed in it. Forest residents, accustomed to free life, heard about the arrival of the ruler, and prepared for innovations. But in fact a completely different story came out. Here is its summary.
The bear in the voivodeship - Saltykov-Shchedrin eachof the three heroes calls Toptygin - began quite differently from what he had planned. Arriving at the place, he decided to celebrate the name day. Having drunk too much, he fell asleep in the clearing, since his den was not yet there. At that time, Chizhik, who was famous for his intellect, flew by. Lev himself dreamed that he sang in his talons. The birdie sees that something is lying on a clearing. Decided that this is a block, sat down on it and sang. And the bear felt someone jumping on it, and, not understanding, swallowed Chizhik. This is his career and ended, because in the woods instantly the rumor went bad.
"Governor-fool instead of bloodshedto arrange, ate Chizhik, "shouted the forest dwellers. And there was nothing to wash away this stain. Toptygin was tormented for a long time, hearing in his address first indignation, and then ridicule. Finally, the news reached Lev. I wrote a bear report, gave a bribe to Oslu, who advised me to commit some bloodshed. Toptygin immediately cut the sheep, and frightened the woman, and defeated the printing house, and turned the forest all over. However, it was too late. Leo did not believe in his courage and ordered him to be dismissed. So he remained in the rank of major because of a stupid story, as his summary concludes, Bear in the province of Saltykov-Shchedrin.
Story about Toptygin II
But sometimes the brilliant crime endsbadly. So it was with another bear, whom Leo also appointed a voivode. Unlike Toptygin I, he had in advance thought out a plan for his future activity. But on the spot there was neither a printing house, nor an academy, which could be destroyed. And once the soul of the inhabitants can not be ruined, one must take to the skin. Deciding so, the governor went to the peasant at night. But for this Toptygin the board ended quickly and badly. Cutting all the living creatures, he climbed to the roof, wanting the log hut to roll out. Failed and yelled so that the men came running from all around. They planted the beast on the spear and skinned. Soon there was not a trace left of him. Thus ended the second board, seemingly intelligent, as the beginning of administrative activity and its brief content show, Bear on the voivodship. Saltykov-Shchedrin, in connection with this, was interested in the amendment that appeared in History, that even brilliant atrocities can have deplorable consequences.
Story about Toptygin III
But for the third bear it all endedsafely. Learning about the fate of his predecessors, he thought: "How can I rule? Resolutions correct on this occasion do not give. Do you make a lot of trouble, how much, and the result is one. " And he really wanted to give up his job, but remembered about the big money, that they relied on it.
Arriving in his slums, the governor climbed intolair, and so there the whole term of government and lay. The peasants paid tribute at the appointed time, and Toptygin only chose to eat. In the forest with his arrival nothing has changed. And the bear itself, reasoning from idleness about well-being, came to the thought expressed to him by Oslo. The main thing in the administrative case is to allow everything and not to disturb anyone. Then the necessary evil will become of itself. The ruler can only sit and wait. This behavior turned out to be the most reasonable, and the third Toptygin eventually received the rank of general. Thus ends a fairy tale (you read its brief content) "The Bear in the Province" by Saltykov-Shchedrin.