The drug "Nicotine" (injections): when it is needed
Nicotinic acid or, as it is also called,"Nicotine" (injections) refers to vitamin-like substances. The strength of its blood vessels and the normal functioning of the circulatory system depend on the content of this vitamin in a person's blood. That is why the medicine is so often used in modern medicine.
The drug "Nikotinka" (injections): pharmacological properties
Nicotinic acid (vitamin PP) is very important fornormal functioning of all systems of human organs. Getting into the body, it quickly turns into nicotinamide - a substance that is involved in the metabolism of fats, lipids, proteins, purines. Nicotinamide is also important for the normal transport of hydrogen ions.
Nicotinic acid affects the concentration of lipoproteins in the blood, and in certain doses it can reduce cholesterol.
The drug "Nicotine" improves the microcirculation of the brain, and also increases the fibrinolytic activity of the blood.
It is worth noting that with a deficiency of nicotineacid in the body begins the development of a disease called pellagra. Therefore, the drug is used both for the treatment of the disease, and as a preventive measure.
The drug "Nikotinka" (nyxes): instructions for prescribing
To date, the drug "Nicotineacid "has become quite widespread among medical staff. Of course, in the first place it is used for the prevention and treatment of pellagra, but this does not end there.
It has already been mentioned that this vitamin is favorableaffects the circulatory system, especially the apparatus of blood supply to the brain. Therefore, the drug "Nicotinic acid" is used in the presence of spasm of peripheral vessels, as well as with ischemic stroke. He is also prescribed for chronic migraines, as well as for the treatment of atherosclerosis.
In some cases, this medicine is usedas part of a comprehensive therapy for the treatment of infectious diseases, digestive tract disorders, and hypercoagulability. The drug is also effective in the presence of neuritis of the facial nerve.
The drug "Nicotine": instructions for use
This tool is not recommended for takingyourself - to begin with it is worth consulting with a doctor. The specialist will determine the dose, the regimen of administration and the route of administration. The solution can be administered subcutaneously, intramuscularly or intravenously. It is believed that the injections are rather painful, especially intramuscular.
The daily dose of the drug depends onvariety of the disease and its severity. For preventive purposes, adults are recommended to administer 0.025 grams of vitamin per day. For children, the dose is less - from 0.005 to 0.025 g per day.
If the pellagra has already begun, then the daily dose is recommended to be increased. Adults should be administered from 0.05 g intravenously 1-2 times a day. Treatment in this case lasts from 10 to 15 days.
The drug "Nicotine" (injections): contraindications
First, this drug is categorically contraindicated for those patients who have developed a hypersensitivity to nicotinic acid. Secondly, it is not recommended for people with diabetes.
On the other hand, the medicine is not used forTreatment of patients with severe stage of atherosclerosis or hypertension. Exacerbation of an ulcer of the intestine or stomach can also become a contraindication. It is not recommended to use this remedy in the presence of gout or severe liver disease. During pregnancy and lactation, the use of the drug should be very cautious.
The drug "Nicotine" (injections): side effects
Adverse reactions are recorded quite rarely,but all of them in one way or another are connected with the active release of histamine. For example, a patient complains of dizziness, a feeling that blood flows to the head. Sometimes there are diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and other disorders of the digestive tract.