Traditions of Russia. What are they?
Before we talk about cultural traditionsRussia, I propose to define the very term "tradition". What does he mean by himself? Is this concept relevant in our day or can it be safely called a relic of the past?
So, it is customary to call customs or traditionsrepresentations, habits, rituals and skills of a particular country, locality or region, which have both practical and social significance. They are passed, as a rule, from generation to generation and act as a kind of regulator of social relations.
1."Tasty" traditions of Russia. Kitchen
In all of history, Russian cuisine was able to absorb the world traditions of cooking.
For example, in the beginning, salads, imported, by the way, to Russia from Europe, were prepared mainly from vegetables.
It would take several centuries to finally begin to see meat oriental dishes on Russian tables, such as manti, shish kebab, dumplings.
And in general, we can say that Russian cuisine has experienced six stages of its development:
- The first stage (from the 9th to the 16th centuries) was called the "Old Russian dishes";
- II stage (XVII century) - Moscow State Kitchen;
- III stage (XVIII century) - cuisine of the epoch of Peter and Catherine;
- IV stage (the end of the XVIII century. - XIX century.) - St. Petersburg cuisine;
- V stage (XIX-XX centuries) - national Russian cuisine;
- The sixth stage (from 1917 to the present day) is Soviet cuisine.
And only after all the stages passed the modern kitchen has become more modernized and has collected a lot of traditions and recipes.
Gastronomic traditions of Russia are veryvarious. Now the most famous and traditional dishes are borsch, cabbage soup, botvigny, ears, beetroot and rassolnik. These first dishes are very tasty and will, without a doubt, be the decoration of any dining table. In addition, the most popular among Russians and guests of our country are also dumplings, pancakes, hodgepodge and okroshka.
Try to stop the alien and askhe, which he means by the word "Russian". Do you know what will answer? That's right: bears, boots, vodka, caviar, borsch and pies! For me, in its time, it was a real discovery to learn that, it turns out, vodka is not at all an indigenous Russian drink, it was brought into the country from Italy in the fifteenth century. But such a meat delicacy, as befstroganov, despite the foreign sound, in fact is a long-standing Russian dish.
2. Family traditions in Russia
The spiritual atmosphere of the house, which includes the habits and way of life of its inhabitants, which are passed down from generation to generation, is exactly what family traditions are.
In what way can they be expressed? It seems to me, first of all, in the ability to love, appreciate and respect relatives, and also in the desire to spend with them as much free time as possible.
In Russia, people are pleased to give and bring to each other from trips gifts and souvenirs, to compliment or support in difficult times.
At us family traditions carry in itself setspiritual values and show the level of development of the family. And in the old days, such traditions were based on religious, social and historical traditions and rituals.
We can say that they are unique for every Russian family, although all the same, there are also general moments.
For example, a man and a woman should performdifferent roles and responsibilities. A woman is a wife, a mother who gives birth and feeds children, and a man is an earner, he earns money and protects the family.
Children must respect their parents and help them. The hand and heart in Russia is offered by the man, and the woman, in turn, makes a decision about the readiness to enter into this marriage.
In addition, there are family and religiousholidays, which each Russian family notes in different ways. Many customs, of course, are very individual and are passed on from father to son, or from mother to daughter. But they are all aimed at bringing relatives closer together and establishing relationships in the family as a whole.
3. Signs and beliefs of our country
The first signs and customs appeared in the ancient centuries, when there was no psychology, no ethics, no market relations.
If you go into history, you can find out thatprimitive people linked beliefs with the forces of nature. That is why, probably, many signs simply can not be explained from a scientific point of view. They exist, but they do not give in to any logic at all.
For example, did you know that it is not customary in Russia to donate handkerchiefs, since it is believed that they will bring tears, and they are usually given out at a funeral.
In addition, house plants must be givenfrom the bottom of the heart, or they will wither. It's strange, is not it? It always seemed to me that the flower would wither if the person to whom such a gift was presented did not water it or watch it properly. Then where is the soul? No logic!
Every Russian family has its own signs andbeliefs. Bad ones are spilled salt, a black cat running across the road, congratulations on the day of birth in advance, a woman with empty buckets and much more.
Traditions of Russia with a good sense - it's born with a lot of birthmarks on the body, smash the dishes.
In general, everyone, of course, determines for himself what he really believes. Nevertheless, let the good signs be much more than bad.