What is anatomy?
Humanity is engaged in science because of the vital necessity. The study of the unknown opens up new opportunities and improves all areas of our life. Among other scientific disciplines present anatomy. To learn what anatomy is, we are partially helped in school, but is it enough to understand how important it is for society?
The word is, one way or another, was heard by every person, but few people know exactly what anatomy is. The definition of the term reads as one of the sections in biology that studies the location of tissue complexes and the structure of plants, animals, and humans. Depending on these spheres, the names change - phytotomy (plants), zootomy (animals), antrotoponomy (man).
To understand what human anatomy is, the tasks that are entrusted to anthroponomy will help. At the present stage of development, the main areas are:
- Description the structure of human organs.Their position and relationship among themselves, given the age, sex and individual characteristics of the organism.
- The study of the relationship of the form of organs and structures with their functions.
- The study of the constitution of the body and body parts.
Anatomy (normal and pathological)
In turn, the anatomy is divided into two directions - it is a normal and pathological anatomy. Normal anatomy studies a healthy body and has the following sections:
- Systematic (divides and treats the organism according to systems).
- Topographic (applied value in surgery).
- Plastic (describes the statics and dynamics of forms). It is of great importance in art, especially in sculpture and portraiture.
- Dynamic (studies all types of human movement - sports, labor, etc.).
- Athletic (changes as a result of sports selection).
- Age (the effect of age-related changes on anatomical signs).
- Typical (the study of the ratio of the internal structure with external forms).
The youngest trends that emerged at the end of the last century are the ecological anatomy and anatomy of a living person (ray).
The study of painful changes in the structure of organs, cells and tissues, that is pathological anatomy. The pathologist is engaged not only in the post-mortem diagnosis of irreversible processes, but also in the lifetime study of painful mechanisms. This is widely used in oncology, since the life-time study by this specialist is carried out on the material of operatively removed organs and biopsies.
By the methods of studying anatomy is also subject to division. Basically, there are 3 groups of methods:
- Study only on the corpse material.
- Studying both on live, and on a corpse material.
- Study only on live material.