What was the first capital of Japan
The modern world community knows Japan as a country of unique technological discoveries, an unusual geographical position, a capricious climate and wise and well-bred inhabitants. The fate of the country, located in the waters of the Pacific Ocean in the Japanese archipelago, adjacent to China, Russia, and South and North Korea, is now decided in the capital of the state of Tokyo, a city that shelters almost 30 million Japanese. Not every inhabitant of our planet knows that in this country in the entire history of its existence more than 10 capitals have changed. One of the most interesting was the first capital of Japan.
History of the Land of the Rising Sun
The first mention of Japan appeared in Chinese letters in the Ι century AD. er Residents of China, looking in the morning towards the east, where a small island nation was located, invariably saw the same picture: a fireball rising into the sky.
In those days, the future great power of Japan was in complete submission to a more developed and civilized China.But the country was surprisingly stubborn and patient, soon the Yamato clan, ruling here, caught up and overtook its neighbor, and by the 5th century the word "Yamato" became the personification and synonym of all of Japan.
The centralization of power began, the construction of roads, Buddhist temples, palaces for Japanese princes was proceeding rapidly in the country, science and culture were developing. In 645 AD er in the course of the next palace coup, an important land reform was carried out: now the whole country belonged to the family of the ruler and the state.
Before the top of the rulers, there was an edge to the question of choosing the main place for his residence. The first capital of Japan - the city of Heijo-Kyo, which, translated into Russian, sounds like the “Citadel of the World”, was chosen as the place most suitable for this.
The residence of the emperor on the island of Honshu
Since its foundation in 710, the imperial residence in the city of Heijo-kyo has passed a long time. For 74 years, the whole basic life of the royal family and the territory under its control depended on the decisions that were born in the imperial palace. The device of the ancient capital of the Land of the Rising Sun was largely subordinated to the traditions of China.A wide road started from the palace of the supreme rulers, in an important village for the country there were built residences for the emperor's vassals, temple complexes, sculptures of Buddha and other monuments of oriental architecture.
What is famous for the first capital of Japan
The name Heijo-kyo is very ancient. This city quickly became a key political and cultural center. Here the Chinese “rules of life” were sacredly honored, they worked hard and painstakingly, leaving their free time to the prayers of the almighty Buddha for the future happy and prosperous life.
During this period of an unprecedentedly rapid flourishing of the capital, real masterpieces of religious art were created:
- Todai-ji temple ensemble and its bronze giant - a sculpture of a Buddha weighing almost 500 tons;
- wooden temple Daybutsuden;
- the collection of the treasures of the widow of Emperor Syomou, presented by her to a Buddhist temple;
- The southern gate of the Todai-ji complex and their ferocious 8-meter guards.
The small Japanese settlement was very lucky, it was the main city of the country for less than 100 years, but for all its future life it gained legendary world fame.
What is known the first capital of Japan now
On the island of Honshu among green fields, small hills and dense forests, on the southern shore of Lake Biwa, in the original splendor of exact architectural and geometric proportions, the small town of Nara lives and still lives. This is the name of the very first capital of Japan. Millions of curious tourists from all over the world come every year to admire this legendary place for the country. Those who are lucky enough to be here will be given a unique opportunity:
- look into your own soul in the serene tranquility of Tosh Тdaiji monastery and leave its walls completely freed from heavy internal doubts;
- touch the magic of the collection of statues of deities in the "Temple of the Prosperity of the Law";
- become happy by touching the sculpture of the Miroku-bosatsu in the Temple of Happiness of Kofuji;
- feed the cookies "sacred deer" Nara in the park area of the city;
- enjoy the natural landscapes, because this is a place where centuries-old monuments harmoniously coexist with clean ponds, forest park areas, mountains, corners of almost untouched nature.
The first capital of Japan–A cute ancient Japanese town that keeps the magical secrets of the emperors of the Land of the Rising Sun remains forever in the heart of everyone who comes here to touch the centuries-old history of the powerful Eastern Power.